Tokyo has the most developed transportation and logistics infrastructure in Japan. It is equipped with roads and railways, Haneda International Airport, and the Port of Tokyo - excellent domestic and international transportation and logistics on land, sea and air.
In a survey of small and medium-sized businesses located in Tokyo, 60.5% cited convenience of transportation as a benefit of being located there, more than any other benefit.＜table 1＞
Haneda Airport, located in southern Tokyo, completed its fourth runway in 2010. It opened a new international passenger terminal and is expanding its functionality as an international airport. Travelers using the airport, both domestic and international, have increased dramatically.
By the end of March 2014, its capacity increased to 447,000 arrivals/departures per year (of which 90,000 were international). There are efforts to develop Haneda Airport into a 24-hour international hub, focusing on the infrastructure development and earthquake proofing necessary to strengthen this metropolitan airport.＜table 2＞
The Ken-O Expressway (or Metropolitan Inter-City Expressway) is a high-quality expressway planned to surround the city at a radius of 40 km - 60 km and extend 300 km in length. With the opening of the Sagamihara-Aikawa Interchange - Takaosan Interchange segment in June 2014, the Tomei, Chuo, and Kanetsu Expressways became linked, further improving access to the entirety of Japan.
With the completion of the three ring roads - the Ken-O Expressway, Gaikan Expressway, and Central Circular Route - it is expected that congestion will be eliminated, the logistics network will be enhanced, establishment of companies in areas along these roads will be promoted, and the region will be revitalized.
Furthermore, in March 2015, the Central Circular Route opened completely, adding to the 13 radial roads and 2 ring roads that compose the Shuto Expressway System, alleviating traffic congestion, and improving access. It is also attracting attention for its disaster prevention measures and environmental improvements.
Compared to cities in other countries, Tokyo's railway system is quite advanced with respect to route density and railway network composition. Furthermore, the ratio of people using the railway among the various transportation methods available is high, so it plays a vital role.
The JR Tokyo Station is an immense terminal linking 18 railway lines, 10 bullet train (Shinkansen) lines, and two subway lines. In March 2015 with the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen line between Toyama and Kanazawa, excellent nationwide access was achieved through the combination of the Tokaido/Sanyo Shinkansen, Tohoku Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen.
The Port of Tokyo has actively established state-of-the-art port facilities to meet the needs of modern times, including a commodity-specific piers and ferry piers, and is a logistics and distribution hub not only for the metropolitan area, but for the entire Eastern Japan region.
In addition, development of the business districts and coastal suburbs is progressing to realize the full potential of the Tokyo Bay waterfront.
Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Bureau of Industrial and Labor Affairs, Industry and Employment in Tokyo － A Graphic Overview －, 2015
Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Bureau of Industrial and Labor Affairs, Policy Research, Survey of Locaiotn of Munufacturing Industry, (February, 2013)